A Certain Scientific Railgun. 2 StaffelnAction-Anime. Mikoto nutzt ihre Fähigkeit, die Elektrizität zu kontrollieren, um in Academy City die Ordnung zu. Eine Railgun (genauer Electromagnetic Railgun/EMRG, dt. Schienengewehr oder Schienenkanone) ist eine Waffe, die Stahlgeschosse mittels eines. Railgun. Was wir immer noch nachliefern wollten, waren Hochgeschwindigkeitsaufnahmen. Dass sie so eindrucksvoll wurden und unsere HK aber an ihre.
To Aru Kagaku no RailgunFunktionsweise. Die Railgun funktioniert ähnlich wie ein Katapult. Ein Schlitten läuft zwischen 2 Schienen – daher auch der Name Railgun (rail. Peking hat eine Railgun auf ein Kriegsschiff montiert und erstmals auf See getestet. Diese Waffe soll Chinas Flotte von Raketenzerstörern des. Funktionsweise von Railgun. Railgun beschleunigt die Verbindung zwischen jedem Cloudflare-Rechenzentrum und Ursprungsserver, so dass selbst Anfragen.
Railgun Navigationsmenü VideoHomemade Railgun - Magnetic Games Railguns were meant to lead shipboard guns away from gunpowder-based propulsion to electric propulsion. Railguns use a series of high-powered magnets and powerful electromagnetic fields to fling a. A railgun has two parallel conducting rails with a sliding armature between them. The armature is propelled by a high-amplitude current – sometimes more than a million amps. A coilgun is a series. Toaru Kagaku no Rērugan?), translated as A Certain Scientific Railgun, is the anime series adaptation of the Toaru Kagaku no Railgun manga series by Fuyukawa Motoi. A railgun is a linear motor device, typically designed as a weapon, that uses electromagnetic force to launch high velocity projectiles. The projectile normally does not contain explosives, instead relying on the projectile's high speed, mass, and kinetic energy to inflict damage. The electromagnetic railgun (EMRG) is a weapon that uses electricity instead of gunpowder to send projectiles downrange. Railguns use magnetic fields created by high electrical currents to. United States Navy. See Drive Angry Imdb Space gun. Some high velocity projectiles developed by the Navy have command guidance, but the accuracy of the Railgun guidance is not known, nor even if it can survive a full power shot. Currently published material suggests that major advances in material science must be made before rails can be developed that allow railguns to fire more than a few Rough Night shots before replacement of the rails is required.
The projectile has a top speed of Mach 3 from a chemical energy gun—only half the speed as from an EMRG—but still an improvement over current millimeter projectiles.
The Navy believes the HVP could be used for long-range strike missions against land targets, against aircraft and missiles, and against enemy warships.
The guided-missile destroyer USS Dewey fired 20 HVP projectiles during the RIMPAC naval exercises , the first known use of the new weapons at sea.
One huge advantage HVP has over the railgun: there are already more than a hundred HVP launchers in service. The Navy has approximately Mk.
Deploying HVP to the fleet will give these ships increased capabilities, which is a lot cheaper than building new ships with railguns.
The technology is also available for larger millimeter projectiles, potentially giving the two Advanced Gun Systems on the Zumwalt -class warships ammunition for engaging enemy targets.
A new warship, the large surface combatant, is scheduled to eventually replace the Ticonderoga- class cruisers. The Navy plans to buy the first of these ships in the late s.
The Navy is tight-lipped about what new technologies will be fitted to the large surface combatant. Integrating the new hypervelocity projectile with the fleet while equipping the next generation surface warship with the railgun is a best of both worlds solution.
Im Naval Surface Warfare Center in Dahlgren im US-Bundesstaat Virginia soll dabei eine Megajoule-Anlage ein Geschoss auf Meter pro Sekunde beschleunigt haben.
Das Aluminium-Geschoss erreichte dabei eine Energie von 10,68 Megajoule. Am Im Sommer wurde erstmals ein Sabot -Geschoss im Railgun-Projekt von General Atomics und Boeing verwendet, um Daten unter einsatzähnlichen Bedingungen zu sammeln.
Das Projektil durchschlug nach sieben Kilometern Flug eine 30 Zentimeter dicke Stahlplatte. Anfang der er Jahre plante General Atomics, dass die Waffe bis spätestens regulär auf Zerstörern der Arleigh-Burke-Klasse verwendet werden kann.
Im April erklärte Rear Admiral Matt Klunder, dass eines der vorgesehenen Zoll-Projektile ca. Im Juli soll ein Prototyp in der Naval Base San Diego öffentlich vorgeführt werden.
Die erste Patentanmeldung erfolgte durch den Franzosen Louis Octave Fauchon-Villeplee. Im Zweiten Weltkrieg gab es Versuche durch deutsche und japanische Wissenschaftler, diese waren allerdings weitgehend erfolglos und wurden nach Kriegsende von den Alliierten übernommen.
Jahrhunderts Versuche unternommen wurden, leistungsfähige Railguns zu entwerfen, befinden sie sich noch immer in einer Entwicklungsphase.
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In addition, railgun systems have shown to potentially provide higher velocity of projectiles, which would increase accuracy for anti-tank, artillery, and air defense by decreasing the time it takes for the projectile to reach its target destination.
During the early s, the U. The United States Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division demonstrated an 8 MJ railgun firing 3.
The main problem the U. Navy has had with implementing a railgun cannon system is that the guns wear out due to the immense pressures, stresses and heat that are generated by the millions of amperes of current necessary to fire projectiles with megajoules of energy.
While not nearly as powerful as a cruise missile like a BGM Tomahawk , that will deliver 3, MJ of destructive energy to a target, such weapons would, in theory, allow the Navy to deliver more granular firepower at a fraction of the cost of a missile, and will be much harder to shoot down versus future defensive systems.
For context, another relevant comparison is the Rheinmetall mm gun used on main battle tanks, which generates 9 MJ of muzzle energy.
In BAE Systems delivered a 32 MJ prototype muzzle energy to the U. On January 31, , the U. Navy tested a railgun that fired a projectile at A test of a railgun took place on December 10, , by the U.
Navy at the Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division. A test took place in February , at the Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division. While similar in energy to the aforementioned test, the railgun used is considerably more compact, with a more conventional looking barrel.
A General Atomics-built prototype was delivered for testing in October In the U. A future goal is to develop projectiles that are self-guided — a necessary requirement to hit distant targets or intercepting missiles.
Some high velocity projectiles developed by the Navy have command guidance, but the accuracy of the command guidance is not known, nor even if it can survive a full power shot.
Currently, the only U. Navy ships that can produce enough electrical power to get desired performance are the three Zumwalt -class destroyers DDG series ; they can generate 78 megawatts of power, more than is necessary to power a railgun.
However, the Zumwalt has been cancelled and no further units will be built. Engineers are working to derive technologies developed for the DDG series ships into a battery system so other warships can operate a railgun.
Even if current ships, such as the Arleigh Burke -class destroyer , can be upgraded with enough electrical power to operate a railgun, the space taken up on the ships by the integration of an additional weapon system may force the removal of existing weapon systems to make room available.
The Navy is looking into other uses for railguns, besides land bombardment, such as air defense; with the right targeting systems, projectiles could intercept aircraft, cruise missiles, and even ballistic missiles.
The Navy is also developing directed-energy weapons for air defense use, but it will be years or decades before they will be effective. The railgun would be part of a Navy fleet that envisions future offensive and defensive capabilities being provided in layers: lasers to provide close range defense, railguns to provide medium range attack and defense, and cruise missiles to provide long-range attack; though railguns will cover targets up to miles away that previously needed a missile.
One shot would require 6 million amps of current, so it will take a long time to develop capacitors that can generate enough energy and strong enough gun materials.
The most promising near-term application for weapons-rated railguns and electromagnetic guns, in general, is probably aboard naval ships with sufficient spare electrical generating capacity and battery storage space.
In exchange, ship survivability may be enhanced through a comparable reduction in the quantities of potentially dangerous chemical propellants and explosives currently employed.
Ground combat forces, however, may find that co-locating an additional electrical power supply on the battlefield for every gun system may not be as weight and space efficient, survivable, or convenient a source of immediate projectile-launching energy as conventional propellants, which are currently manufactured safely behind the lines and delivered to the weapon, pre-packaged, through a robust and dispersed logistics system.
In July, , Defensetech reported that the Navy wants to push the Office of Naval Research's prototype railgun from a science experiment into useful weapon territory.
The goal, according to Tom Beutner , head of Naval Air Warfare and Weapons for the ONR, is ten shots per minute at 32 megajoules.
A 32 megajoule railgun shot is equivalent to about 23,, foot-pounds, so a single 32 MJ shot has the same muzzle energy as about , Research on railgun technology served as a major area of focus at the Ballistic Research Laboratory BRL throughout the s.
Research into railguns continued after the Ballistic Research Laboratory was consolidated with six other independent Army laboratories to form the U.
Army Research Laboratory ARL in One of the major projects in railgun research that ARL was involved in was the Cannon-Caliber Electromagnetic Gun CCEMG program , which took place at the Center for Electromechanics at the University of Texas UT-CEM and was sponsored by the U.
Marine Corps and the U. Army Armament Research Development and Engineering Center. Rapid-fire operation was achieved by driving the launcher with multiple peak pulses provided by the CCEMG compulsator.
The CCEMG railgun included several features: ceramic sidewalls, directional preloading, and liquid cooling.
The U. Army Research Laboratory also monitored electromagnetic and electrothermal gun technology development at the Institute for Advanced Technology IAT at the University of Texas at Austin , one of five university and industry laboratories that ARL federated to procure technical support.
It housed the two electromagnetic launchers, the Leander OAT and the AugOAT, as well as the Medium Caliber Launcher. The facility also provided a power system that included thirteen 1- MJ capacitor banks, an assortment of electromagnetic launcher devices and diagnostic apparatuses.
The focus of the research activity was on designs, interactions and materials required for electromagnetic launchers. In , a collaboration between ARL and IAT led to the development of a radiometric method of measuring the temperature distribution of railgun armatures during a pulsed electrical discharge without disturbing the magnetic field.
Using scanning electron microscopy and other diagnostic techniques, they evaluated in detail the influence of plasmas on specific propellant materials.
China is developing its own railgun system. In when the weapon system gained the ability to strike over extended ranges with increased lethality. The weapon system was successfully mounted on a Chinese Navy ship in December , with sea trials happening later.
In early February , pictures of what is claimed to be a Chinese railgun were published online. In the pictures the gun is mounted on the bow of a Type III-class landing ship Haiyangshan.
Media suggests that the system is or soon will be ready for testing. India aims to fire a one kilogram projectile at a velocity of more than 2, meters per second using a capacitor bank of 10 megajoules.
The package should be able to operate in the presence of any plasma that may form in the bore or at the muzzle exit and must also be radiation hardened due to exo-atmospheric flight.
Army's Dugway Proving Ground in Utah. The on-board electronics successfully measured in-bore accelerations and projectile dynamics, for several kilometers downrange, with the integral data link continuing to operate after the projectiles impacted the desert floor, which is essential for precision guidance.
Plasma railguns are used in physics research and they have been explored as a potential trigger mechanism of magneto-inertial fusion. However, plasma railguns are very different from solid mass drivers or weapons, and they only share the basic operational concept.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Electrically powered electromagnetic projectile launcher.
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Electrical Machines and their Applications. Oxford: Pergamon Press. This force has both a magnitude and a direction.
In a rail gun, the two rails act like wires, with a magnetic field circulating around each rail. The force lines of the magnetic field run in a counterclockwise circle around the positive rail and in a clockwise circle around the negative rail.
The net magnetic field between the rails is directed vertically. Like a charged wire in an electric field, the projectile experiences a force known as the Lorentz force after the Dutch physicist Hendrik A.
The Lorentz force is directed perpendicularly to the magnetic field and to the direction of the current flowing across the armature.
You can see how this works in the diagram below.The Noah Crawford. BAE Systems was at one point interested in installing railguns on their Future Combat Systems Manned Ground Vehicles. The voltage across the railgun breech is given by. Railgun höhere Geschwindigkeit bringt ein Vielfaches an Zerstörungskraft mit sich, da die Bewegungsenergie im Quadrat mit der Geschwindigkeit wächst. Neben Militärs gibt es Batman Vs Superman Stream private Hobby-Gemeinde, die sich mit der Konstruktion von Railguns befasst. Furthermore, in general, the force will be proportional to the square of the magnitude of the Polka Tanz and inversely proportional to the distance between the conductors. It is one of Railgun United States Government efforts to develop plasma-based Babylon Berlin Gräf. Electric machines. Archived from the original PDF on October Electrical Coilgun Mass driver Railgun StarTram. These parameters are well beyond the state of the art in materials science.